Ancient Near East - Asia

Chiara Condoluci,

High places in Oman

The IMTO excavations of Bronze and Iron Age remains on Jabal Salut

Quaderni di Arabia antica, 03
2015, 90 pp., 8 ill. col., 24 ill. b/n, 25 tav.
Paperback, 17 x 24 cm
ISBN: 9788891309075
ISSN: 2612-4742
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  • Abstract
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  • Abstract

    The book presents the results of two field seasons that the Italian Mission To Oman spent excavating a few tombs located on top of Jabal Salut, in Central Oman. A cluster of these tombs was later razed and replaced by a small, rectangular pillared shrine built in stone and mortar that represents so far a unicum for the whole South East Arabia.
    The funerary monuments can be dated to the third and second millennium BC (Early to Middle Bronze Age), with evidence for reuse during the first millennium BC (local Iron Age). The small shrine is also datable to the Iron Age.
    In addition to architectural details, the excavations produced an abundance of pottery and soft stone vessels, which provide important dating information and enable the use of the tombs to be considered alongside evidence obtained from the excavation of nearby Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements.
    As well as showing the results from the excavations and placing them in a local context it will be discussed how typical the results obtained from Jabal Salut might be for the rest of South East Arabia. In particular, it is tempting to consider what importance the region's ancient inhabitants gave to high places.

  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction

    2. Two Early Bronze age tombs at salut
    The excavation
    Structure 39
    Structure 33
    Tombs structure
    The finds

    3. Excavations on Jabal Salut
    Jabal Salut 1
    Grave 1
    Jabal Salut 2
    Grave 1
    Grave 2
    Finds from US8
    Grave 3
    Grave 4
    Grave 5
    Grave 6
    The pillared building
    Other surface finds
    Jabal Salut 3
    Grave 1

    anthropological analysis
    by Chiara Condoluci and Giuliana Pagni
    Burial 1
    Burial 2

    Tombs typology
    Stone vessels

    by Carl Phillips
    The excavation of JS2 "shrine
    The date of the building
    Possible external influences; building techniques
    Possible external influences; material
    The function of the building
    Some preliminary conclusions regarding the Jabal Salut building
    The conservation and restoration of the Jabal Salut shrine
    The reconstruction of the shrine
    technical note: petrographic characterization of the coluMns Mortar
    by Marco Giamello and Andrea Scala
    Comments on The Plaster's Compositional Analysis
    by Chiara Condoluci and Michele Degli Esposti
    5. The Jabals Survey
    6. Concluding Remarks

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