Ancient Near East - Asia
  • Institutions
  • Individuals
  • Institutions

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    ISBN: 9788891311108

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  • Abstract
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  • Abstract

    In our collective memory there still lies the Queen of Sheba, her journey to Jerusalem to meet the wise King Salomon, or the Arabia Felix with its fame associated in the classical world with frankincense and other precious aromas. Nevertheless the history of the Arabia Felix, the country of the Queen of Sheba, is not well known to a wider public.
    At the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, in south-western Arabia, in the region that today corresponds to the Republic of Yemen, some kingdoms were formed. Their history deserves to be better known.
    Its desert and ocean protected Arabia Felix from the invasions of hostile armies. Its inhabitants did not remain isolated on their mountains and in their valleys. Their caravans crossed the desert, their ports hosted foreign ships, they had commercial and cultural contacts, by land and by sea, with the whole world.
    The history of this culture was very long; from the 8th century BC to the 6th century AD: from the Assyrian expansion into the Levant to the Roman empire, from the expedition only planned before his death by Alexander the Great to the failed expedition of Augustus, from Hellenism to the wars between Byzantium and the Persia, and from polytheism to Judaism and Christianity.
    The events, the characters, the history of art, together with the beliefs of the ancient inhabitants of South Arabia, will be recounted in this book starting from direct written sources: the wealthy corpus of ancient South Arabian epigraphic public texts.

  • Table of Contents

    Preface
    1. General remarks
    Introduction
    Written sources
    Collections of inscriptions
    The inscriptions
    Minuscule writing texts
    Archaeological sources
    the territory
    the formation of states between the late Bronze and Iron periods
    The Iron period
    The ideological bases of the state: the god
    The ideological bases of the state: the king
    The ideological bases of the state: the tribe
    ASA languages
    Saba? as a centre of linguistic and cultural diffusion
    Writing Schools
    The ?imyarite
    chronology
    2. The history recounted from inscriptions
    the history begins (eighth-sixth centuries)
    The eighth century. Saba?
    The mukarrib
    Wadi Ra?wn
    The Jawf
    Nashshn
    Yatha?amar Watar, son of Yakrubmalik, mukarrib of Saba?
    Yatha?amar Bayn, son of Sumhu?ali, mukarrib of Saba?
    The city of Ma?n
    The kingdom of Awsn
    Seventh and sixth centuries
    Karibil Watar and the pact of alliance
    Saba? in the seventh century
    Allied and enemies kingdoms of Karibil Watar
    Nashshn
    Kamna
    Qatabn and ?a?ramawt in the first half of the seventh century
    Ethiopia
    End of seventh - beginning of sixth century
    The kingdom of Qatabn
    The kingdom of Ma?n
    The Inscription Demirjian

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