Restauro dei giardini: musei a cielo aperto della natura e della storia
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura, 2020
Restoration of the gardens: open-air museums of nature and history
This essays shows how the restoration of a garden, in turn, the product of a historiography of restorations, must interact with contemporary culture. The garden is the product of a continuous change, which includes both transformations for changes in taste and restorations to preserve its image. However, the garden, by its very nature, is a work that belongs to the contemporary world. This, both through the most sophisticated conservation techniques of the palimpsest, and through the introduction of new contemporary resources. Referring to the literature on the restoration of gardens, new issues are now opening up, relating to the tools of archaeological investigation and virtual representation, that can increase the understanding of the historical phases without necessarily proceeding to arbitrary “restorations”. A theme that interacts with the tourist use of the gardens, real open-air museums. Each garden is the result of a symbolic narration of the great theater of nature. So, it can be restored in the virtual territories, through indoor and outdoor museum installations, as in many European gardens it has been doing for some time. This allows to preserve as much as possible the palimpsest, without having to destroy a historical phase rather than another.