Dallo scavo all'interpretazione: la Foligno medievale tra stratigrafie murarie e riflessioni storico-topografiche
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura, 2020
From excavation to interpretation: medieval Foligno through wall stratigraphy and historical-topographical considerations
The re-emerged structures are related to city walls and gates, to bridges and to medieval houses. The research deepened the reuse of Roman building elements in Middle Ages and confirmed the dating of the bridges. Since the excavation, did not intercept Roman structures or stratigraphies, the hypothesis that Fulginiae was not founded where the medieval city is, but in the area of S. Maria in Campis, is reinforced. The genesis of civitas Fulginea is linked to a castrum, a poleogenetic nucleus near a crossing of the Topino river and the tomb of S. Feliciano (9th-10th century). Subsequently the district of S. Maria infraportas and S. Nicolò rises. In the 12th century the orthogonal layout on the W side of the Cathedral and the expansion to E with S. Salvatore were realized. In 1217 city walls are known from the sources: in 1240 the districts beyond the Topino are included and Ghibelline government establishes Municipality. The walls of 1329 set new lines of development.