Vestigia antiche e progetto urbano: il restauro e la sistemazione della Porta Maggiore al tempo di Gregorio XVI
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura, 2020
Ancient legacies and urban design: restoration and arrangement of the Porta Maggiore in the age of
The double archway of the ancient front of Acqua Claudia, a magnificent monument derived by the bifurcation of the Via Prenestina and Via Labicana, was cleared of the buildings overlapped in “the barbaric era” by Pope Gregory XVI (1831-1846), a great lover of archaeology. The ancient monument became the fulcrum of an urban area designed with neoclassical taste: this operation, merging functional aims to the rediscovery of a precious classical heritage, established with modest means – and a weak impact of renovation – a true primacy within the pontifical Rome. This contribution deals with this well-known story occurred in 1837-41 focusing on the restoration approach to the monument and on the reconfiguration of the urban role of the great ancient structure. The decision-making process regarding design and intervention is reconstructed in greater detail and the individual contribution and the role of Giuseppe Valadier, Clemente Folchi and Giuseppe De Fabris is also better clarified.