Tutela e cultura del restauro a Bologna nel periodo delle Commissioni ausiliarie
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura, 2020
Protection and culture of the restoration in Bologna during the “Commissioni Ausiliarie” period
Resuming the studies on culture and the origins of the restoration in Bologna, after the studies from the 1980’s on restoration in the post Italian Unification era, helped in opening more innovative and wider research prospectives. Not only did all this work promote the exceeding of the limits of critical judgment restricted to the urban context alone, it also enlarged significantly the chronological period of reference. New historiographical and documentary elements – characteristic of restoration discipline – were added in order to understand the main salient facts from the issuing of Cardinal Pacca’s Edict on 7 April 1820, up to 1859 and from the Unification of Italy until 1915. The research was carried out following two main themes: the first one focused on the protection by the Papal State, the second one focused on the slow process of forming a sensitivity, a cultural interest in ancient things by customers and designers and an aptitude for restoration that can be outlined through the reconstruction of the local framework of restoration interventions and the results achieved on an operational level.