Fino a La Sapienza. Fondamenti normativi dell'insegnamento dell'architettura a Roma e in Italia, 1871-1935
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura, 2018
This contribution reconstructs the sequence of Italian laws on higher and university level education in architecture as developed by the various governments in office between the last thirty years of the 19th century and the first 40 years of the 20th century for the first time in a comprehensive and complete manner. Starting from what was proclaimed at first for only the Royal Institute of Fine Arts (Regio Istituto di Belle Arti) in Rome between 1871 and 1914 and then later for the whole country starting from 1919, the complex events that gradually led to the foundation of the Secondary School of Architecture of Rome, the first of its kind in the country, are reconstructed. In 1924, this is followed by the first diffusion of this new cultural heritage into the international sphere, both with regards to the whole field of study and especially regarding monument restoration. In parallel, radical transformation of the culture base provided by the then national system in higher education to the designer of the project and the director of architectural works was being carried out, also from the point of view of the sequence of legislative measures. That transformation took place throughout Italy during the last twenty years of the 19th century up until 1935: the inauguration year of the new City of Studies of the University of Rome La Sapienza.