Archaeology

Susan M. Dixon

Archaeology on Shifting Ground

Rodolfo Lanciani and Rome, 1871-1914

Studia Archaeologica, 231
2019, 180 pp., 40 ill. b/n
Paperback, 17 x 24 cm
ISBN: 9788891318749
ISSN: 0081-6299

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  • Abstract
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  • Abstract

    No serious study of ancient Roman topography and its monuments is undertaken without consulting the work of Rodolfo Lanciani (1845-1929), the archaeologist and scholar of ancient Rome. His Forma Urbis Romae, a large map published in sections between 1893 and 1901, captures all that was then known of the existence of the built world in the city. His multi-volumed Storia degli Scavi (1902-1913) is a formidable reference work, filled with notices of archaeological finds made in Rome from c. 1000 to 1870. Beginning in c. 1871, Lanciani provided innumerable articles and notes for two primary journals published by the Italian state and Rome's municipal government, respectively, Notizie degli Scavi and Bulletino della Commissione archeologica comunale di Roma, on artifacts or buildings being freshly unearthed in Rome. In addition, he wrote English-language books and articles, using the recent discoveries to educate an Anglo-American audience about ancient Roman culture.

    Although his life has been fully examined by Domenico Palombi in 2006, a rigorous examination of Lanciani's formidable scholarly production has not yet been undertaken. This monograph will do this, positioning some of his fascinations, interpretations, and presentations of ancient Rome within a broad context of historical and cultural events in late 19th- / early 20th-century Rome. It scrutinizes Lanciani's published work with the following in mind: the subtle transformations in the practice of archaeology in Italy, the extreme destruction of ancient Rome during the construction of the modern capital, the variable oversight of the bureaucratic archaeological services in Rome, and the heated political discourse over the ownership and display of cultural patrimony in the new nation. In addition, it takes into account that Lanciani's publications significantly contributed and responded to the interests of a nexus of international scholars, archaeologists, collectors, and museum professionals, including those from the United States.

  • Table of Contents

    Acknowledgements
    Introduction

    Chapter 1: A Career in Archaeology
    Beginnings
    Portus and Magliana
    Pietro Rosa, Sopraintendenza
    Giuseppe Fiorelli, Direzione Generale
    The Accademia dei Lincei
    Commissione Archeologica Comunale

    Chapter 2: What Was Found: 1868-86
    The Capitoline Hill
    The Roman Forum
    The Palatine Hill
    In and Around the Tiber River
    Around the Colosseum and the Oppian and Celian Hills
    The Eastern Hills
    The Servian Wall
    Around the Pantheon
    The Large Baths of Rome
    Ostia and Tivoli
    In the region of the Alban Hills and elsewhere

    Chapter 3: Lanciani and America: 1886-87
    Contacts with Americans
    "Notes from Rome"
    Cicerone
    Lecture Tour in America
    Travelling
    Motivations
    Fundraising
    Engaging with the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA)

    Chapter 4: Rome, after America: 1887-90
    Houghton Mifflin & Company
    Content of Ancient Rome in the Light of Recent Discoveries
    The Boston Museum of Fine Arts
    Advice on Collecting
    Art Institute of Chicago
    Dismissal
    Claims and Counter-Claims

    Chapter 5: A Reputation in Flux, post-1890
    At the University
    Forma Urbis Romae
    Storia degli Scavi
    More English-language Publications
    A Successor in the Forum: Giacomo Boni
    Shifting Ground

    Chapter 6: Rounding out a Career: 1903-1911, and beyond
    Displays at the Capitoline Museum
    The 1911 Mostra Archeologica
    Postscript
    Appendices
    Abbreviations
    Bibliography

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