Documentazione e rilievo dei beni culturali: passato e futuro nell'era delle nuove tecnologie
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura: 73-74, 2021
Documentation and survey of cultural heritage: past and future in the age of new technologies
The launch of the qualifying degree for restorers of cultural heritage provides an opportunity to reflect on the survey, representation and, more generally, the documentation of cultural heritage in all its various forms. The most recent developments in computer science, with the aim of creating a global system for the conservation of knowledge about cultural heritage, have made available innovative methodologies and computer technologies capable of tackling two important issues related to the knowledge and conservation of cultural heritage: the “electronic memory” and the digitisation of historical and recent documentation. Systems such as SICaR - Sistema Informatico per la documentazione e la progettazione dei cantieri di Restauro (Information System for the documentation and planning of Restoration Sites) and CDR Conservation Digital Report web-based - arise precisely from this new modern approach to knowledge and management of Cultural Heritage and aim to collect and organise as effectively as possible all the information and data relating to a restoration site in order to facilitate planning in view of future interventions or for the drafting of a maintenance plan for the asset being restored. The two systems, SICaR and CDR, being knowledge and management tools, are able to produce extraordinary results both on a quantitative level and for the value of the organisational and methodological process, which constitutes a significant added value to the “good practices” of restoration.