Il ruolo delle strutture conventuali nella conservazione della città storica dal periodo post unitario alla contemporaneità
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura: n.s. 2019, 2020
The role of the conventual structures in the conservation of the historical centers, from the post unitary
period to the contemporaneity
The conventual structures, following the post-unitary suppression of the religious orders, were subjected to a series of modifications, that affected the conservation of the architectural complexes and also had a series of consequences on the urban contexts. The transformations were originated from the need to create, quickly and with limited investments, the equipment for the municipalities, such as schools, barracks, prisons and hospitals. A wide range of cases can be analyzed, with reference to some significant examples. In the Marche Region, the suppressions affected a large number of monasteries; in particular, in the city of Ascoli Piceno, it’s evident the nature of the interventions, adopted to modify the convents which, removed from their original function, had to respond to new public needs, including military ones. The reuse of the ancient monastic structures, although developed in the early twentieth century, continues to exert its effect, especially as a result of the phenomena associated with the disposal of military complexes. The public heritage, available to be reused, can represent an interesting opportunity for a revitalization of historical centers, encouraging “good practices”, to promote a new sustainable use, through a correct and equable relationship between conservation and innovation.