La voce di Gustavo Giovannoni nei territori redenti della Venezia Giulia
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura: n.s. 2019, 2020
The voice of Gustavo Giovannoni in the “redeemed” territories of Venezia Giulia
Gustavo Giovannoni, as a representative of the Italian safeguard institutions, is invited to release some statements about the restoration of both the Basilica of Grado (1926) and San Giusto Cathedral in Trieste (1936), in agreement with the then Superintendent Ferdinando Forlati. During the early twentieth century, these buildings were subject to - when the Eastern border territories were still part of the Österreichisches Kustenland - be safeguarded and protected by the Austrian institutions which, on occasion, used the extraordinary contribution of Alois Riegl and Max Dvořak. This is therefore for Giovannoni a singular opportunity for a confrontation with the most authoritative voices of the transalpine culture. The Italian government sidelined in fact this opportunity, as it was determined to operate in the redeemed territories (1918) in the sign of a drastic “distinction and discontinuity”. Invited in such context to represent Italian safeguard institutions, Giovannoni offers articulated and diversified resolutions, that only apparently respond to the government requests; he indeed broadly expresses his vision of restoration, witnessed in the redeemed territories through events that are in many ways still unprecedented.