Roma e Pompei nei palazzi spagnoli del XVIII secolo
In: Studi e Ricerche del Parco Archeologico di Pompei: 43, 2020
The Roman world has been very present in Spanish palaces since the Renaissance, but in the 18th century this presence became more and
more daily thanks to the decorative motifs created by artists inspired by the archaeological discoveries made in Herculaneum, Pompeii and
From this perspective, this article will focus on three aspects: first, the role played by some Spanish artists who had been formed in Rome and who had had the opportunity to visit the most important collections of the eternal city and the remains found in Campania, as well as to consult the Antichità di Ercolano esposte and other works with antique engravings. Secondly, the influence of the artist who introduced neoclassicism in Spain, Anton Raphael Mengs, who had carefully observed the paintings of Herculaneum in Portici and had commissioned some court painters under his tutelage to take the Antichità as a guide. And thirdly, in the work developed by the French decorators who, like Dugourc, who also knew Roman finds and bells, worked in Spain popularizing a repertoire taken from ancient paintings.