L'altro volto dell'Antico: l'etruscheria e il collezionismo dei vasi figurati
In: Studi e Ricerche del Parco Archeologico di Pompei: 43, 2020
Following the numerous studies dedicated to the “Etruscheria”, this contribution aims to retrace its brief season in Naples, with particular
reference to the phenomenon of collecting figured vases.
The different meanings that it assumed will be discussed, passing from the collections of the end of the XVII century to the beginning of the XIX century, while also considering the well-known relations with the Tuscan Academies, with their ideological and political colourings, which were influential on the initial controversial fortune of the interpretation of the origin of the vases in an Etruscan key.
Retracing literary sources, canonical texts of the antiquarians of the time and epistolary, with some new contributions – such as the rhymes of Francesco Carafa, the dissertations of Venuti, Mazzocchi, Guarnacci, d’Hancarville, Daniele, Lanzi, the letters of Egizio, Bayardi, Pancrazi, Paciaudi, Targioni, Taccone – the entire parabola described in the reception of figured vases is reconstructed.
Initially ennobling their owners, they then became the testimony of an erudite interest in documenting rites, deities and customs of an unknown civilization. Afterwards, they were considered objects of aesthetic appreciation, overcoming the contrast between the “excellent Greek manner” and the “low Etruscan manner” thanks to the affirmation of a new paradigm of beauty, that was closer to the principles of Nature and Reason conjugated by the Enlightenment, finally becoming material evidences for a modern archeological approach.