Vigne, horti e giardini nel Tridente romano durante il XVI secolo
In: Quaderni dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Architettura: 73-74, 2021
Vineyards, horti, and gardens in the “Tridente romano” during the Sixteenth century
At the beginning of the 16th century the area between the Aurelian walls, the Tiber and the Pincian hills, also known as Northern Campomarzio, was characterized by the presence of vineyards, orchards and some gardens, in the midst of which stood the ruins of ancient monuments like the Mausoleum of Augustus.
During the pontificate of Leo X Medici, following a series of political, economic and demographic needs, the area was quickly urbanized according to a rigorous project, to be attributed to Raphael and Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, flanked, according to the papal wishes, by the Magistri Viarum, without forgetting the role of institutions such as the Hospital of San Giacomo in Augusta and the Augustinians monks, owners of many lands, and members of the papal court, such as Angelo Colocci and Sigismondo Chigi, who decided to invest in the area. Thus was born what is still called the “Tridente romano”. However, there were still some areas not built, within which some gardens will be created, such as the urban garden of Cardinal Orsini, or the famous Soderini garden located inside the Mausoleum of Augustus. If the side between the Tiber and Via Lata will be built more densely, the other side, towards the Pincio, will instead be characterized by the presence of vegetable gardens and vineyards, with definitely a more agricultural function, which will be abandoned however in the 17th century with the creation of gardens.